State Equal Pay Laws

Most states have laws prohibiting wage discrimination based on sex. Most state equal pay acts grant exceptions for pay based on wage differentials other than gender, such as seniority or merit. Below is a chart of each state’s equal pay law.

State Provisions
Alabama None.
Alaska Employers cannot pay females less than males for comparable work in the same operation, business, or type of work in the same locality.
Arizona Employees doing the same quantity and quality of the same type of work in the same establishment must be paid equally regardless of sex. And, employers are liable for damages.
Arkansas Females must receive the same pay as males for comparable work. And, employers are liable for damages.
California Employers can’t pay any employees less than the rates paid to employees of the opposite sex for similar work. And, employees can sue for damages.
Colorado Employers cannot pay employees less based on sex. And, employers are liable for damages.
Connecticut Differences in pay based on sex is considered discrimination. Employers are liable for damages.
Delaware Employees can’t be paid different rates of pay for doing a job that requires the same skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. And, employees can sue for damages.
D.C. General law that prevents wage discrimination based on protected class status (race, sex, age, etc.).
Florida* Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. And, employees can sue for damages.
Georgia* Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. And, employees can sue for damages.
Hawaii Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. And, employees can sue for damages.
Idaho Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. And, employees can sue for damages.
Illinois* Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. And, employees can sue for damages. Women and minors cannot be employed at an oppressive or unreasonable wage rate.
Indiana* Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. And, employees can sue for damages.
Iowa Employers cannot discriminate against employees due to age, race, creed, color, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, religion, or disability by paying lower wages than someone doing the same job. And, employees can sue for damages.
Kansas Employers with employees of both sexes can’t discriminate by paying a different pay rate for equal work in the same establishment. And, employers are liable for damages.
Kentucky* Employers can’t discriminate based on sex by paying lower rates to an employee who does the same job (skill, effort, and responsibility) as another employee. And, employers are liable for damages.
Louisiana* Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying less wages. And, employers are liable for damages.
Maine Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, and responsibility.
Maryland Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that have comparable requirements relating to skill, effort, and responsibility at the same establishment.
Massachusetts Employers cannot discriminate based on gender by paying different wages to people of comparable jobs. And, employers are liable for damages.
Michigan* Employers with both male and female workers who discriminate based on wages will be guilty of a misdemeanor if the jobs have equal work. And, employees can sue for damages.
Minnesota* Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. And, employees can sue for damages.
Mississippi None.
Missouri Employers cannot pay females less than males for the same quantity and quality of the same classification of work. And, employers are liable for damages.
Montana The state, county, municipal entity, school district, public or private corporation, person, or firm cannot pay women workers less than men for the same service, amount, or class of work in the same industry, school, establishment, office, or place of employment of any kind.
Nebraska* Employers can’t discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for equal work. And, employees can sue for damages.
Nevada Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying lower wages to an employee of the opposite sex who performs equal work at the same establishment.
New Hampshire Employers cannot discriminate by paying different wages based on sex. And, employers are liable for damages.
New Jersey Employers can’t discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for similar jobs. And, employees can sue for damages.
New Mexico* Employers can’t discriminate by paying employees less wages based on sex for equal work in the same establishment. And, employers are liable for damages.
New York* Employees cannot receive a less wage rate than another employee for equal work that requires the same skill, effort, responsibility, and similar working conditions. Employers are liable for damages.
North Carolina None.
North Dakota Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, and responsibility. And, employees can sue for damages.
Ohio Employers, including state and political, cannot discriminate based on race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, or ancestry by paying less wages for equal work. And, employers are liable for damages.
Oklahoma* Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for jobs that require the same skill, effort, and responsibility.
Oregon Employers cannot discriminate between sexes by paying less wages for work of comparable character that requires comparable skills. And, employees can sue for damages.
Pennsylvania Employers cannot discriminate between employees based on sex by paying different wages at the same establishment. And, employees can sue for damages.
Rhode Island Employers can’t discriminate between sexes by paying female employees less than male employees for equal work or work on the same operations. And, employees can sue for damages.
South Carolina No equal pay law, but employers cannot discriminate by different wages based on protected class status.
South Dakota Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying less wages to employees for comparable work on jobs with comparable skill, effort, and responsibility. And, employers are liable for damages.
Tennessee Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages for comparable work on jobs with comparable skill, effort, and responsibility. And, employers are liable for damages.
Texas* In public employment, employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying less wages.
Utah No equal pay law, but employers can’t discriminate based on color, sex, race, retaliation, pregnancy, age, religion, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity by paying different wages.
Vermont Under the general employment discrimination laws, employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages. And, employees can sue for damages.
Virginia Employers cannot discriminate based on sex by paying different wages in the same establishment for equal work. And, employees can sue for damages.
Washington Employers with both male and female employees cannot pay a female less than a male with similar employment, or they will be guilty of a misdemeanor. And, employees can sue for damages.
West Virginia* Private employers cannot discriminate by giving different wages for similar jobs. And, employees can sue for damages.
Wisconsin No equal pay law, but the general employment discrimination law prohibits wage discrimination based on sex.
Wyoming Employers cannot discriminate based on gender by paying different wages for equal work in the same establishment. And, employers are liable for damages.